At a time when Cameroonian cities and rural areas suffer from the effects of the high cost of living, unemployment and food insecurity, 2014 marks the implementation of a sustainable solution.
The FAO celebrates World Food Day every year on October 16th. This day aims at raising awareness in the general public about the problem of hunger around the world, and encourages cooperation between countries and the increase in the participation of rural populations in decision-making processes. In this context, 2014 was proclaimed The International Year of Family Farming, with the theme being “Feed the world, save the planet.” The objective was to highlight the role of family farming in the eradication of hunger, guaranteeing food security and protecting the environment.
Family farming includes all agricultural activities relying on the family, and is associated with rural development. This organizational method for agricultural production is characterized by family-based management and operations, and relies essential on family labour. Throughout the world, it is the main form of agriculture in production and the food security sector.
In Cameroon, like in most other countries, the success of family farming is based on a number of factors, including agro-ecological conditions and the type of soils, the political environment, access to markets, land and natural resources, technology, communications, access to credit, demographic, economic and socio-cultural conditions, and the ability to follow specialised training programs.
As the most wide-spread agricultural method in Cameroon and around the world, family farming ensures food security. To do so, it fulfills the following missions: